Things you should care about: ACNE

What is acne?

Acne is a skin disorder that manifests as many sorts of bumps, including blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and cysts. Acne problem is mainly considered in teenagers. Acne develops in teenagers as a result of hormonal changes associated with puberty. If your parents experienced acne as teenagers, chances are you will as well. Acne, for the most part, disappears by the time a person is out of their teens. Acne is not only caused due to one or two factors, there are several factors responsible for Acne. For that, it also needed treatment on basis of that factors. Acne is a skin problem that can cause one or more of the following:

  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Pimples
  • Acne cysts or nodules (deep, painful breakouts)


Types

What is Acne Vulgaris?

The different type of acne that many teens get is called acne vulgaris. It is mostly shown on the face, shoulders, neck, upper back, and chest. To know which acne you have, check the list below for acne and types of it :

  • Whitehead (mostly known as “closed comedones”)
  • Blackhead
  • Papules  
  • Pustules 
  • Nodules
  • Cysts

 

type-of-acne-image


Bad acne 

Acne is not classified as bad or good. well, some acne has small, medium, and larger sizes, and they may be temporary or permanent too. both need well treatment. Acne for a long time and keep increasing can be considered bad Acne, in simple language. following are some conditions by that you can consider you have bad ance or not :

  • How much area of your face is covered with acne?
  • Is there paining or irritation in acne
  • How much are is covered with blackheads or whiteheads
  • Is your skin area covered  with red blemishes without pus or with pus
  • Are there continued leakages of pus from acne

Types of pimples on the face

Pimples are nothing but another word for acne. Followings are types of pimples on the face

type-of-acne-image


Cyst on the chin keeps coming back

The cyst is another type of  Acne. It is aggressive in nature showing some inflammation in place due to painful and pus-filled pimples that can be formed deep inside the skin. It gets formed when oil and dead skin cells block pores on the skin. It is the most common type of acne seen in any age either teen or adult. 

Reasons for cyst acne

  • Especially prone in teenage (both boys and girls)
  • Family background( history of cystic acne)
  • Change in Hormones that occurs due to changes in age
  • Menopause
  • Stress is another cause of Cystic acne. 

Cyst on the chin keeps coming back

Cystic problem is common in teenage but problem occurs when they come back, especially on open body parts like the face, chin, and neck. If you have a cyst on the chin or any part it is hard to treat by yourself, so please recommend a dermatologist which is specialized in skin treatment and examine your skin and make a cystic diagnosis. There is some treatment you should know about it :
  • Azelaic acid or salicylic acid kills bacteria and gets rid of excess dead skin cells. 
  • Retinoids, are Vitamin A derivatives that remove dead skin cells.
  • Benzoyl peroxide decreases the number of bacteria on the skin.
  • Antibiotic creams, gels solutions, and lotions kill bacteria and reduce inflammation.


Short contact therapy benzoyl peroxide

Short contact therapy benzoyl peroxide is the most commonly used method to treat acne. Benzoyl peroxide has a potent antibacterial action when applied it penetrates deeply in the skin killing the Propionibacterium acnes. As Propionibacterium acnes are killed inflammation resolvers its keratolytic properties exfoliate the skin and help the dead skin that clogs the hair follicle to lose and shed. The formulation containing acrylate copolymer will also decrease the oiliness on the skin by acting like a sponge and absorbing surface sea bone. The acrylate copolymer contained glycerin which reduces dryness and hydrates the skin.

Benefits of short contact therapy benzoyl peroxide

  • Reduce body odor
  • Prevents ingrown hairs
  • Treats back acne
More on Short contact therapy benzoyl peroxide


Glycolic acid and benzoyl peroxide Reddit

Benzoyl peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is found in many over-the-counter skincare lines. Its found in some professional lines and its found in an abundance of skincare products but do we know why well benzoyl peroxide is great at killing acne-causing bacteria and it’s a keratolytic meaning its great at exfoliating dead skin cells, so with it being so easily accessible and with it being so inexpensive we understand why so people attracted towards it but with that accessibility comes misuse. It is important to remember that benzoyl peroxide should only be used in professional skin care lines and it should only be prescribed by licensed skin care professionals this is because while it is great at killing acne-causing bacteria it’s also non-discriminatory meaning its not just that bad bacteria but its also killing that good bacteria which can really throw your skin microbiome out of whack.


Glycolic acid

Glycolic acid is an AHA or an alpha hydroxy acid and it’s water soluble so glycolic acid is a keratolytic agent and it’s really great at improving texture in the skin so it’s great at making skin smoother. But remember it is a catalytic agent and over-exfoliation or if you are using it when your skin already isn’t a good place is only going to upset your acid mantle even more. It’s also important to remember that if you were using any of these ingredients for acne or breakouts, not all acne and breakouts come from an excessive amount of oil some of them actually come because you already have a barrier issue. so for that reason, we do want to reiterate all skincare ingredients should only be prescribed by licensed skin care specialists


Rolling acne scars

Rolling scars are not a type of acne, it comes in the category of acne scar. The following are types of acne scars.

  • BOXCAR ACNE SCARS
  • ICE PICK ACNE SCARS
  • ROLLING SCARS
  • DARK OR RED ACNE SCARS

Rolling scars are a frequent kind of scarring that can develop as a result of acne healing. Rolling scars vary in depth and have sloping borders that make the skin seem wavy and uneven. They show as indentations in the skin and are usually a few millimeters broad. These scars are typical in patients who have had long-term inflammatory acne (cystic acne) and grow more noticeable as the skin matures. They are distinguished by their sloping edges, which give the skin a wavy, uneven look, and they are not necessarily the same size as the original acne lesion that created them, since the size is determined by how the skin heals.


Quick FAQ

When should I visit the dermatologist?

If you going from the following problems definitely book an appointment with a dermatologist

  • Red pimple, pus leak continuously
  • More painting
  • Indication of skin infection
  • Rapidly spreading



What questions should I ask dermatologists?

  • what is the cause of cystic acne
  • can it normal or does it need any treatment
  • which is the best cystic acne treatment
  • is treatment safe or does it have any side effect
  • do I need any diet change 

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